Transmission and Prevention
It’s possible to contract the Herpes virus through direct contact (with an active lesion) or bodily fluid of someone who has Herpes. The Herpes transmission happens between a person with a history of the infection and an individual without. There aren’t any documented cases of someone contracting the infection by touching an inanimate object (e.g. a towel, toilet seat, drinking vessels). In order to infect an individual, the Herpes Simplex Virus travels either through tiny breaks in the skin, mucous membranes in the mouth or genital areas. Even the tiniest microscopic abrasions or cuts in the skin are sufficient to allow the virus to enter the body.
Can you transmit Herpes without knowing or having symptoms of having Herpes? The answer is yes due to asymptomatic shedding. What is HSV asymptomatic shedding? Asymptomatic shedding may represent the most common form of HSV-2 transmission. This occurs in most individuals infected with herpes. It can occur more than a week before or after symptoms occur in most cases. Infected people that show no visible symptoms may still “shed” or transmit the virus through their skin. Asymptomatic shedding is more frequent within the first 12 months of acquiring HSV. There are indications that some individuals may have much lower patterns of “shedding” but evidence supporting this is not fully verified;
Antibodies that develop following an initial transmission of HSV prevents re-infection with the same virus type.
|Washing with Defense Soap for herpes prevention
||Condoms can help prevent genitial herpes
|Citrus fruit can help prevent herpes
||Having a healthy diet can help prevent herpes
Protective barriers, such as a condom or dental dams, can reduce the risk of herpes transmission in some cases.
For genital herpes, condoms are highly effective in limiting transmission of herpes simplex infection. The virus cannot pass through latex. Their effectiveness is limited as the condom may not cover every sore and can still come in contact with your partner.
Abstinence from sexual activity or washing of the genitals after sex is recommended. The use of condoms or dental dams also limits the transmission of herpes from the genitals of one partner to the mouth of the other (or vice versa) during oral sex.
When one partner has a herpes simplex infection and the other does not, the use of antiviral medication, such as valaciclovir, in conjunction with a condom, further decreases the chances of transmission to the uninfected partner. Valaciclovir does not cure herpes but may prevent sores or blisters.