Fungal Skin Infection on the Face


Fungal Skin Infection on the Face

Facial Candida Nasal Ringworm
Scalp Fungus Oral Candidasis

Fungal infections can appear almost anywhere on the skin, but they are often most difficult for those who experience this issue somewhere on the face. Fungal skin infections on the face can occur in many different ways, but there are also a number of methods through which these conditions may be prevented and treated.

What Causes Fungal Skin Infections on the Face?

A person can contract a facial infection caused by a fungus in many ways.

For example, the individual's skin could come into contact with the infected skin of another, or another individual's infected skin could touch an item that the person then touches to his or her face. Fungal spores may often be on objects or in the air without people realizing it, and contact causes the initial condition. Then, if the individual does not keep his or her face clean, it is even more likely to become infected, and the condition will worsen.

Common Facial Fungal Skin Infections

There are a number of fungal infections that occur on the facial area. One of the most common is ringworm, and it can often be identified as "a flat, spreading ring-shaped lesion," according to the South Australian Health Department. The center of the rash will look like normal skin but the edges will often be raised, scaly, and crusty. Ringworm can also occur in facial areas that are hairy like the scalp or beard area, which will often cause the hair around it to fall out. Ringworm of the scalp usually only affects children, but it can occur in adults as well. This condition is contagious.
A person can also experience a severe infection called otomycosis, which occurs on the outer ear. Another type of fungal infection, pityriasis versicolor or tinea versicolor, is caused by a yeast and may appear on the face and neck, causing discolored spots on the skin. The latter disorder, according to Austin Community College, "is caused by normal microbiota on human skin" and is not contagious, but it can be problematic in certain cases, especially when it occurs on the facial area.

Prevention and Treatment of Fungal Facial Infections

The best way to prevent these conditions is to wash your face regularly, keep the skin dry and clean, and to be especially careful of sharing personal items. Borrowing or sharing personal objects from another individual can cause the spread of any fungal infections they may have had. Ringworm is especially contagious, it is of utmost importance to avoid using other people's things, especially those which are very intimate and consistently touch the facial area like headgear or protective masks.
If you do, unfortunately, encounter a facial infection caused by a fungus, there are many ways in which it can be treated. The Office of Women's Health mentions "antifungal cream" as being a treatment for many of these conditions, and the creams can be both prescription and over-the-counter. Otomycosis can be treated with antibiotics, and your doctor may need to suction the area if it has become extremely infected. Pityriasis versicolor can be treated with topical agents like shampoos and lotions, and a person may need to be prescribed antifungal agents for this condition as well. In severe cases, patients may be given oral medications to treat the disorder, but this is rare. It will often take longer for the pigment of the skin to return to normal than it will for the medication to clear the condition itself.

Awareness of Fungal Infections Occurring on the Face

It is fairly common for a person to contract or present symptoms of a fungal infection on his or her face. These conditions are not often life-threatening, but in many cases, they can be prevented. Spreading awareness about fungal infection can help others prevent the possibility of experiencing these conditions.